Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty about 600 AD. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three Kingsdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Tae Kwon-Do developed into maturity.
Number of movements:29
Starting position:Closed Ready Stance 'C' (Moa Chunbi Sogi 'C') on X facing towards E.
When finished:Bring right foot back to X in closed ready stance 'C' facing E.
Line work Students are required to know ALL combinations and techniques up to grade.
Set Sparring (Sambo Matsoki) Students are required to know ALL set sparring up to grade.
Parts of the body:
Instep = Baldung
Reverse footsword = Balkal dung
Upward punch = Ollyo jirugi
Downward punch = Naeryo jirugi
Vertical kick = Sewo chagi
Twisting kick = Bituro chagi
Pushing block = Miro makgi
Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.
Opposite to white, therefore signifying maturity and proficiency in Tae Kwon-Do. Also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear.